Calligraphy established itself as the most important ancient Chinese art form alongside painting, first coming to the fore during the Han dynasty BCE - CE. All educated men and some court women were expected to be proficient at it, an expectation which remained well into modern times. Far more than mere writinggood calligraphy exhibited an exquisite brush control and attention to composition, but the actual manner of writing was also important with rapid, spontaneous strokes being the ideal.
T o meet the need for recording information and ideas, unique forms of calligraphy the art of writing originated and developed from China, specifically from the writing of Chinese characters using brush and ink. Calligraphy is widely practiced and revered in the East Asian civilizations that use or used Chinese characters. These include China, Japan, Korea, and to a lesser extent, Vietnam.
Calligraphy, or the art of writing, was the visual art form prized above all others in traditional China. The genres of painting and calligraphy emerged simultaneously, sharing identical tools—namely, brush and ink. Yet calligraphy was revered as a fine art long before painting ; indeed, it was not until the Song dynastywhen painting became closely allied with calligraphy in aim, form, and technique, that painting shed its status as mere craft and joined the higher ranks of the fine arts
Calligraphy is one of the traditional arts unique to China. It is not only a stool of cultural communication but an artistic treasure with shining and extraordinary splendor. Chinese calligraphy has a long history and lasts about years. It can be considered as a unique artistic form of the treasury of Chinese culture.
The history of Chinese calligraphy is as long as that of China itself. Calligraphy is one of the highest forms of Chinese art. In studying Chinese calligraphy one must learn something of the origins of Chinese language and of how they were originally written.
Five basic scripts have emerged over years: Calligraphers design each character to fit into an imaginary square—whether it is composed of one or sixty-four strokes. Writers must create each stroke of a character in a particular order, essentially from left to right and from top to bottom. Calligraphy artful writing has been considered the ultimate art form by the Chinese educated elite since at least the Han dynasty BCE— CE.
Calligraphy, literally "beautiful writing," has been appreciated as an art form in many different cultures throughout the world, but the stature of calligraphy in Chinese culture is unmatched. In China, from a very early period, calligraphy was considered not just a form of decorative art; rather, it was viewed as the supreme visual art form, was more valued than painting and sculpture, and ranked alongside poetry as a means of self-expression and cultivation. How one wrote, in fact, was as important as what one wrote.
Chinese Calligraphy is an important part of Chinese culture; calligraphers are revered citizens. Differences in style can convey the feelings, culture and character of the artist who uses language to create their art. Calligraphy originated in China, spreading to other parts of the Orient with Chinese culture.
Calligraphy is an important component of Chinese art. Its presentation format is an art that hinges on Chinese characters. And Chinese characters are ideographic in nature.